【MantisBT】之在linux环境上的安装搭建
时间:2021-04-14

在工作中,选用了MantisBT作为公司的BTS工具。MantisBT的作为一款缺陷跟踪管理系统,有以下优点:

  • 开源、 免费;

  • 可与开源的testlink集成,便于统计bug的用例发现率;

  • 具有bug关联功能;

  • 权限设置灵活,不同角色有不同权限;

  • 具有邮件通知功能,每个用户可根据自身的工作特点只订阅相关缺陷状态邮件;

  • 提供多维度,多种表现形式的统计数据;


软件环境:

  • CentOS 6.5 ;

  • MantisBT-1.2.18 ;

  • xampp-linux-x64-5.6.3 ;

注:xampp能快速搭建LAMP环境,提高部署效率。

1. xampp环境搭建

1.1. 下载xampp安装包

[root@iserver1 tmp]#

执行命令:

wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/5.6.3/xampp-linux-x64-5.6.3-0-installer.run

执行过程:

http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/5.6.3/xampp-linux-x64-5.6.3-0-installer.run

Resolving sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.60

Connecting to sourceforge.net|216.34.181.60|:80... connected.

。。。。。。。

Connecting to jaist.dl.sourceforge.net|150.65.7.130|:80... connected.

HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK

Length: 128831805 (123M) [application/x-makeself]

Saving to: “xampp-linux-x64-5.6.3-0-installer.run”

100%[=============================================================================================================================] 128,831,805 4.06M/s in 26s

2015-01-27 21:49:31 (4.71 MB/s) - “xampp-linux-x64-5.6.3-0-installer.run” saved [128831805/128831805]

1.2. 安装xampp

[root@iserver1 tmp]#

执行命令:

chmod +x xampp-linux-x64-5.6.3-0-installer.run

./xampp-linux-x64-5.6.3-0-installer.run

执行过程,交互的过程如粗体部分。

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Welcome to the XAMPP Setup Wizard.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Select the components you want to install; clear the components you do not want

to install. Click Next when you are ready to continue.

XAMPP Core Files : Y (Cannot be edited)

XAMPP Developer Files [Y/n] :y

Is the selection above correct? [Y/n]: y

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Installation Directory

XAMPP will be installed to /opt/lampp

Press [Enter] to continue:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Setup is now ready to begin installing XAMPP on your computer.

Do you want to continue? [Y/n]: y

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Please wait while Setup installs XAMPP on your computer.

Installing

0% ______________ 50% ______________ 100%

#########################################

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Setup has finished installing XAMPP on your computer.


1.3. 配置xmapp安全策略

[root@iserver1 htdocs]#

执行命令:

/opt/lampp/xampp security

执行内容, 交互的过程如粗体部分。

XAMPP: Quick security check...

XAMPP: Your XAMPP pages are NOT secured by a password.

XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes

XAMPP: Password: XXXXX

XAMPP: Password (again):

XAMPP: Password protection active. Please use 'xampp' as user name!

XAMPP: MySQL is accessable via network.

XAMPP: Normaly that's not recommended. Do you want me to turn it off? [yes] y

XAMPP: Turned off.

XAMPP: MySQL has to run before I can check the security.

XAMPP: MySQL has to run before I can check the security.

XAMPP: MySQL has a root passwort set. Fine! :)

XAMPP: The FTP password for user 'daemon' is still set to 'xampp'.

XAMPP: Do you want to change the password? [yes] yes

XAMPP: Password: XXXXX

XAMPP: Password (again):

XAMPP: Reload ProFTPD...not running.

XAMPP: Done.

至此,LAMP环境搭建完成。

1.4. 运维xampp

1. 设置xampp开机自启,执行以下命令:

ln -s /opt/lampp/lampp /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/S99lampp

ln -s /opt/lampp/lampp /etc/rc.d/rc4.d/S99lampp

ln -s /opt/lampp/lampp /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/S99lampp

2. 查看xampp运行状态

[root@localhost ~]# /opt/lampp/lampp start #启动lampp

[root@localhost ~]# /opt/lampp/lampp stop #停止lampp

[root@localhost htdocs]# /opt/lampp/lampp restart #重启lampp

[root@localhost ~]# /opt/lampp/lampp status #查看状态

2. 安装部署mantisbt

2.1. 安装mantisbt

2.1.1. 下载mantisbt

1. cd /tmp

2. 执行命令,获取mantisbt的安装包:

wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mantisbt/files/mantis-stable/1.2.18/mantisbt-1.2.18.tar.gz

3. 解压mantisbt的压缩包,执行命令

tar –zxvf mantisbt-1.2.18.tar.gz

2.1.2. 部署mantisbt

1. 执行命令

mv /tmp/mantisbt-1.2.18 /opt/lampp/htdocs/


2.1.3. 创建mantisbt的数据库

1. 访问http://serverIP/mantisbt/index.php,自动跳转到http://serverIP/mantisbt/admin/install.php页面,在该页面建立mantisbt的数据库;

2. 在以下页面,root的密码为“xx”,直接点击“INSTALL/update database”即可。

【MantisBT】之在linux环境上的安装搭建

3. 数据库创建成功,通过http://serverIP/phpmyadmin/,可查看bugtracker数据库的创建情况。

【MantisBT】之在linux环境上的安装搭建

2.2. 配置mantisbt

2.2.1. 配置数据库连接

1. [root@localhost mantisbt]#

执行以下命令:

vi config_inc.php

修改数据库连接信息

?php

$g_hostname = 'localhost';

$g_db_type = 'mysql';

$g_database_name = 'xx'; #填写设置的数据名称,与2.1.3章节中填写的Database Name一致

$g_db_username = 'xx'; #填写数据库用户名

$g_db_password = 'xx'; #填写数据库密码

?

2. [root@localhost mantisbt]#

执行以下命令:

cp config_inc.php.sample config_inc.php


2.2.2. Mantisbt汉化

1. 执行命令:

vi /opt/lampp/htdocs/mantisbt/config_defaults_inc.php

修改:$g_default_language, 将english改为chinese_simplified

2. 在个人资料内,点击:更改个人设置,选择界面语言:chinese_simplified

3. 界面更新为中文版

【MantisBT】之在linux环境上的安装搭建

2.2.3. 设置时区

1. 执行命令:

vi /opt/lampp/htdocs/mantisbt/config_defaults_inc.php

修改为 $g_default_timezone = 'Asia/Shanghai';

2. 在个人资料内,点击:更改个人设置,选择时区:shanghai

2.2.4. 配置mantis邮件

1. 执行命令

vi /opt/lampp/htdocs/mantisbt/ config_inc.ini

修改邮件配置信息

# --- Email Configuration ---

$g_phpMailer_method = PHPMAILER_METHOD_SMTP; # or PHPMAILER_METHOD_SMTP, PHPMAILER_METHOD_SENDMAIL

$g_smtp_host = 'smtp.ym.163.com'; # used with PHPMAILER_METHOD_SMTP

$g_smtp_username = 'mantisbt.admin@xxx.com';# used with PHPMAILER_METHOD_SMTP

$g_smtp_password = 'xxxx'; # used with PHPMAILER_METHOD_SMTP

$g_administrator_email = 'mantisbt.admin@xxx.com';

$g_webmaster_email = 'mantisbt.admin@xxx.com';

$g_from_email = 'mantisbt.admin@xxx.com'; # the "From: " field in emails

$g_return_path_email = 'mantisbt.admin@xxx.com'; # the return address for bounced mail

# $g_from_name = 'Mantis Bug Tracker';

# $g_email_receive_own = OFF;

# $g_email_send_using_cronjob = OFF;

测试新用户注册,给管理员发送邮件成功。


至此,MantisBT的安装部署已经完成。